Egypt is one of the most fascinating travel countries in the world. Already in ancient times the Greeks and Romans explored the Nile and marveled at the wonders of the pyramid world. Today, millions of tourists visit the monuments of the ancient pharaohs every year. They are enchanted by the eastern coloring of the Islamic medina with its mosques, bazaars and sunbathe on the clean beaches of the Red Sea.
Photo by Simon Matzinger from Unsplash
Welcome to the beautiful world of the kings
From the dazzling underwater world of the coral reefs to the rocky mountains of Sinai and the sand dunes of the Sahara. From the pulsating metropolis of Cairo to the dark mines of the tombs in the Valley of the Kings. Everyone will find an incomparable cultural and natural experience here.
Egypt is located in north-eastern Africa. The Sinai Peninsula connects the country with the Asian continent. With a population of almost 90 million people, Egypt is the most densely populated country in the Arabic-speaking world. No other country is so close to Egypt in the number of great monuments, activities and historical sites. As more than ninety percent of the attractions are located along the Nile river it makes sense to visit a cruise.
Immediately before its inflow into the Mediterranean Sea, the river extends into a wide delta. All major cities in the country are located either on the Nile or in the delta, the Suez Canal or the coast. All year long sunshine and warm climate make the coast of the Red Sea is an attractive holiday region.
Photo by Aussieactive from Unsplash
Treasures beneath stones – The pyramids of Egypt
In 1000 BC, each pyramid was deprived of its treasure. The Egyptians believed that their Pharaohs should be buried with their treasures and sometimes even with their slaves. Therefore gold, jewels, clothes, etc., were placed in tombs with mummies. But for years the rulers of other kingdoms were destroying pyramids and taking these jewels and treasures back to their own kingdoms.
Although the pyramids are very difficult to destroy, the smaller ones were targeted, and their wealth plundered. One such example can be seen in the Great Pyramid of Giza. There is evidence of a failed invasion, and the deep hole that was made in the pyramid’s construction is still visible today.
The construction of these pyramids is so incredible that there is a lot of research being done today on how to make equivalent constructions permanent. The solution used is still unknown and scientists were not even able to determine where it came from.
Photo by Alex Azabache from Unsplash
Impressive, amazing and full of secrets
It is amazing that the ancient Egyptians created buildings with such precision. This careful and reasonable level of construction can be seen in other monuments in Egypt, not only in the pyramids. Without the help of chariots and even before the invention of the wheel, they came to what modern technology is capable of today. It is also possible to observe the progress in their construction techniques when comparing the previous pyramids with later models. For example when polishing the outer surface precisely.
Tunnels were found under the pyramids in Giza, and this suggests that the Egyptians mastered this technique long before our new discovery. In addition to the tunnels, boxes were found, which were carved with great precision. Each of these crates weighed 100 tons. Many believed they were designed to bury bulls. Even though evidence of bulls inside the pyramids was never found, so this theory cannot be proven.
Photo from Isabella Juskova from Unsplash
Top Cities to see while visiting Egypt:
Cairo: The capital offers the Khan al-Khalili market. Khan al-Khalili is one of the largest markets in the world, attracting both local and international tourists. This is a great place to buy bottles of exotic perfume, Arab clothing, and other souvenirs. Egyptian Antiquities Museum: It has one hundred thousand exhibits in 107 rooms. The most popular attraction is the Tutankhamun Gallery.
Luxor: In the modern city of Luxor lies the famous city of Thebes (or the city of a hundred gates). A row of sphinxes runs along the entrance of the temple of Karnak. The most famous part of these temples is the Great Hypostyle Hall.
Alessandria: The best tourist attractions are the Pompey Column, the Library of Alexandria, the National Museum of Alexandria, the Palace of King Farouk and the Roman Amphitheater.
Photo by Omar Elsharawy from Unsplash
Places you should absolutely visit during your stay:
Pyramids: The most popular pyramids are the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. It is estimated that 20,000 to 30,000 workers built the Pyramids of Giza in 80 years. Giza also has the largest pyramid, also known as the Great Pyramid.
Karnak Temple: It is a huge complex consisting of three main temples and many smaller temples. The most famous is the temple of Amon. It is estimated that they were built over a period of 1300 years.
Siwa Oasis: The area is famous for its dates and olive trees and is one of the most beautiful landscapes and springs in Egypt. Until recently it was the most inaccessible oasis. There are 60 inlets below sea level.
Valley of the Kings: The Valley of the Kings is located on the western bank of the Nile near Thebes. There are 62 graves in the valley. It consists of two components – the East Valley and the West Valley. It is the eastern valley that most tourists visit, and it is the valley where most of the tombs of the pharaohs of the New Kingdom are located.